Metabolic disorders (metabolic syndrome, diabetes)

схема - заболявания на обмяна на веществата

Metabolic syndrome is not a specific disease. It is a set of risk factors such as high blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol, and obesity, mainly in the abdomen, in a patient. People with “X” syndrome suffer more often than others from atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, and stroke.
The reasons for the metabolic syndrome development are still unclear. However, it is known that the interaction of genetic and demographic factors, environmental factors, and especially lifestyle leads to the formation of a condition that manifests itself clinically as a metabolic syndrome. The risk factors for its development are as follows:
Obesity – the modern unhealthy diet leads to the deposition of fat both under the skin and around the internal organs. The accumulation of fat, mainly in the abdomen area, is referred to as male or “apple” type obesity. This type of obesity is associated with the onset of metabolic syndrome. In female obesity, in which adipose tissue accumulates in the hips and thighs, such a connection has not been established.

Insulin resistance – occurs when cells in the body become less sensitive or insensitive to insulin (a hormone that is secreted by the pancreas and is responsible for the entry of glucose from the blood into the cells).
Fat metabolism disorders (dyslipidemia) – elevated cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) content in the blood, most often in combination with low values ​​of the so-called “Good” cholesterol (HDL-cholesterol), which has high density and cleans the vessels. The likelihood of cardiovascular disease increases if these risk factors are present.
High blood pressure (arterial hypertension) – occurs when the systolic blood pressure (top number) is 140 mm/Hg or higher and/or diastolic pressure (lower number) is 90 mm/Hg or higher. High blood pressure increases the load on the heart and causes a gradual growth and relaxation of the heart muscle. When established in individuals with some of the above disorders, the risk of cardiovascular disease increases many times over.
How to diagnose such a condition?
√ Increased waist circumference: for men ≥ 94 cm, for women ≥ 80 cm;
√ Triglyceride levels > 1.70 mmol/l or intake of medication against elevated triglyceride levels;
√ Reduced levels of HDL-cholesterol: for men < 1.03 mmol/l, for women < 1.30 mmol/l; √ Blood pressure ≥130/85 mm Hg or conducting therapy against high blood pressure; √ Fasting blood sugar ≥ 5.6 mmol/l or established type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prevention, early detection, and early treatment of metabolic syndrome are extremely important. Weight loss is the first and very important step in the treatment of the metabolic syndrome. Healthy diet: eat whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and fish, as well as low-fat dairy products, avoid processed foods that often contain hydrogenated vegetable fats and are high in salt and added sugar. Physical activity: include at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity in your weekly schedule. Balance a healthy diet with a healthy level of exercise to achieve your goals. Both the number of calories that enter the body and those that are burned are important for weight reduction. Weight loss of 5-10% by weight leads to improved insulin resistance, lower blood sugar and blood pressure, and improved fat metabolism. What are the consequences of metabolic syndrome? People with metabolic syndrome are at many times increased risk of: – myocardial infarction -> when the arteries that supply blood to the heart are narrowed or blocked by fatty deposits called plaques, the amount of blood and oxygen reaching the heart is reduced, which can cause chest pain, heart muscle damage, and death.
– type 2 diabetes mellitus -> occurs when the body can no longer produce enough insulin to compensate for the poor sensitivity to the hormone. This leads to an increase in blood sugar and increases the risk of developing kidney failure, damage to the eyes and nerves, the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disorders.
The Lyudmil Dimitrov M.D. Medical Center has introduced special programs for the treatment of metabolic syndrome with ozone therapy, lymphatic drainage, acupuncture, massage, and homeopathy.